COLUMBUS, Ohio, March 22, 2023 – Worthington Industries, Inc. (NYSE: WOR) today reported net sales of $1.1 billion and net earnings of $46.3 million, or $0.94 per diluted share, for its fiscal 2023 third quarter ended February 28, 2023. In the third quarter of fiscal 2022, the Company reported net sales of $1.4 billion and net earnings of $56.3 million, or $1.11 per diluted share. Results in both the current and prior year quarter were impacted by certain unique items, as summarized in the table below.
(U.S. dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
|3Q 2023||3Q 2022|
|After-Tax||Per Share||After-Tax||Per Share|
|True-up of Level5 earnout accrual||(0.8)||(0.02)||-||-|
|Impairment and restructuring charges||1.0||0.02||1.2||0.02|
|Loss on sale of investment in ArtiFlex||0.3||-||-||-|
|Adjusted net earnings||$||51.6||$||1.04||$||57.5||$||1.13|
Financial highlights for the current and comparative periods are as follows:
(U.S. dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
|3Q 2023||3Q 2022||9M 2023||9M 2022|
|Earnings per diluted share||$||0.94||$||1.11||$||2.57||$||5.83|
“Our teams delivered solid earnings with a nice improvement sequentially compared to our second quarter,” said Andy Rose, President and CEO. “Steel Processing saw modest growth in automotive demand, but continued to be negatively impacted by inventory holding losses. Destocking trends we saw earlier this year in Consumer Products and Building Products appear to have abated, with volumes for many of these products starting to return to more seasonally normal levels.”
Consolidated Quarterly Results
Net sales for the third quarter of fiscal 2023 were $1.1 billion, a decrease of $274.9 million, or 20%, from the comparable prior year quarter. The decrease was driven primarily by lower average selling prices in the Steel Processing business as steel prices declined significantly from the prior year quarter.
Gross margin increased $0.7 million from the prior year quarter to $143.8 million, as higher direct spreads in Steel Processing and a favorable mix in Building Products were largely offset by higher manufacturing expenses, up $23.2 million primarily due to inflationary pressures, and lower volume in the Consumer Products business.
Operating income for the current quarter was $30.1 million, a decrease of $7.5 million from the prior year quarter, as costs incurred in connection with the planned separation of the Company’s Steel Processing business (Worthington 2024) outpaced the year over year decline in impairment and restructuring charges to create a $5.0 pre-tax million headwind in the current quarter. Excluding these items, and a pre-tax benefit of $1.0 million related to true up of the Level5 earnout accrual, operating income was down $3.5 million due to a $3.1 million increase in SG&A expense driven primarily by the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, partially offset by lower profit sharing and bonus expense.
Net interest expense was $6.0 million in the current quarter, down $2.1 million from the prior year quarter due to higher interest income, and to a lesser extent, the impact of lower average debt levels associated with short-term borrowings.
Equity income from unconsolidated joint ventures decreased $10.5 million from the prior year quarter driven by lower contributions from Serviacero and ClarkDietrich, down $4.9 million and $2.5 million, respectively, combined with the divestiture of ArtiFlex which had contributed $1.8 million in the prior year quarter.
Income tax expense was $12.1 million in the current quarter compared to $18.7 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease was driven by lower pre-tax earnings. Tax expense in the current quarter reflects an estimated annual effective rate of 22.8% compared to 23.2% in the prior year quarter.
At quarter-end, total debt of $693.2 million, was down $51.4 million from May 31, 2022, on lower short-term borrowings. The Company had $267.2 million of cash at quarter end, an increase of $232.8 million from May 31, 2022, as lower steel prices resulted in significantly lower working capital in the current period.
Quarterly Segment Results
Steel Processing’s net sales totaled $757.0 million, down 28% or $295.6 million, from the prior year quarter, driven almost entirely by lower average selling prices. Adjusted EBIT was up slightly over the prior year quarter to $7.8 million, as operating income improved although this was largely offset by a lower contribution of equity income from Serviacero which was down $4.9 million. Operating income was up $8.1 million over the prior year quarter to $10.8 million. Excluding the $3.2 million of combined impairment and restructuring charges in the prior year quarter, operating income was up $4.9 million over the prior year quarter, as the favorable impact of higher spreads was partially offset by higher manufacturing costs. Inventory holding losses, estimated to be $26.6 million in the current quarter, were comparable to the $24.9 million in the prior year quarter. The mix of direct versus toll tons processed was 56% to 44% in the current quarter, compared to 51% to 49% in the prior year quarter.
Consumer Products’ net sales totaled $162.6 million, up 1%, or $0.9 million, over the prior year quarter due to higher average selling prices, which were partially offset by lower volumes and a change in product mix. Adjusted EBIT was down $8.8 million in the current quarter to $17.9 million, as the favorable impact of higher average selling prices was more than offset by lower volumes and higher input and production costs.
Building Products’ net sales totaled $151.9 million, up 14%, or $19.0 million, over the prior year quarter on the combined impact of a favorable product mix and higher average selling prices, which were partially offset by lower overall volumes. Adjusted EBIT increased $1.9 million from the prior year quarter to $51.5 million primarily due to a favorable product mix and higher average selling prices, which were partially offset by higher input and production costs and lower contributions of equity income. Equity income for the current quarter totaled $37.8 million, down $2.2 million from the prior year quarter, as ClarkDietrich’s results declined $2.5 million from the record levels in the prior year quarter while WAVE’s results improved slightly.
Sustainable Energy Solutions’ net sales totaled $31.8 million, up 3%, or $0.8 million, from the prior year quarter primarily due to higher average selling prices. Adjusted EBIT was a loss of $1.4 million, favorable by $1.4 million to the prior year quarter’s loss, as higher average selling prices improved margins, but were partially offset by higher production costs.
On September 29, 2022, the Company announced that its Board of Directors approved a plan to pursue a separation of the Company’s Steel Processing business which it expects to complete by early 2024. This plan is referred to as “Worthington 2024.” Worthington 2024 will result in two independent, publicly traded companies that are more specialized and fit-for-purpose, with enhanced prospects for growth and value creation. Worthington plans to effect the separation via a distribution of stock of the Steel Processing business, which is expected to be tax-free to shareholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A dedicated area of the Company’s website has been established with more information and will be regularly updated as new details become available at www.WorthingtonIndustries.com/W24.
“We have good momentum heading into our fourth quarter and are optimistic that underlying demand for our key end markets will remain healthy,” Rose said. “Work continues on our Worthington 2024 plan, and we recently announced the future senior leadership teams for both companies. We remain confident that our planned separation will create two, distinct market leading companies that will generate long-term value for our shareholders.”
Worthington will review fiscal 2023 third quarter results during its quarterly conference call on March 23, 2023, at 9:00 a.m., Eastern Time. Details regarding the conference call can be found on the Company website at www.WorthingtonIndustries.com.
About Worthington Industries
Worthington Industries (NYSE:WOR) is a leading industrial manufacturing company pursuing its vision to be the transformative partner to its customers, a positive force for its communities and earn exceptional returns for its shareholders. For over six decades, the Company has been delivering innovative solutions to customers spanning industries such as automotive, energy, retail and construction. Worthington is North America’s premier value-added steel processor and producer of laser welded solutions and electrical steel laminations that provide lightweighting, safety critical and emission reducing components to the mobility market. Through on-board fueling systems and gas containment solutions, Worthington serves the growing global hydrogen ecosystem. The Company’s focus on innovation and manufacturing expertise extends to market-leading consumer products in tools, outdoor living and celebrations categories, sold under brand names, Coleman®, Bernzomatic®, Balloon Time®, Mag Torch®, Well-X-Trol®, General®, Garden-Weasel®, Pactool International®, Hawkeye™ and Level5® ; as well as market leading building products, including water systems, heating & cooling solutions, architectural and acoustical grid ceilings and metal framing and accessories.
Headquartered in Columbus, Ohio, Worthington operates 52 facilities in 15 states and 9 countries, sells into over 90 countries and employs approximately 9,000 people. Founded in 1955, the Company follows a people-first philosophy with earning money for its shareholders as its first corporate goal. Relentlessly finding new ways to drive progress and transform, Worthington is committed to providing better solutions for customers and bettering the communities where it operates by reducing waste, supporting community-based non-profits and developing the next generations of makers.
Safe Harbor Statement
The Company wishes to take advantage of the Safe Harbor provisions included in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “PSLRA”). Statements by the Company relating to the ever-changing effects of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic and the various responses of governmental and nongovernmental authorities thereto (such as fiscal stimulus packages, quarantines, shut downs and other restrictions on travel and commercial, social or other activities) on economies (local, national and international) and markets, and on our customers, counterparties, employees and third-party service providers; future or expected cash positions, liquidity and ability to access financial markets and capital; outlook, strategy or business plans; the intended separation of the Company’s Steel Processing business (the “Separation”); the timing and method of the Separation; the anticipated benefits of the Separation; the expected financial and operational performance of, and future opportunities for, each of the two independent, publicly-traded companies following the Separation; the tax treatment of the Separation transaction; the leadership of each of the two independent, publicly-traded companies following the Separation; future or expected growth, growth potential, forward momentum, performance, competitive position, sales, volumes, cash flows, earnings, margins, balance sheet strengths, debt, financial condition or other financial measures; pricing trends for raw materials and finished goods and the impact of pricing changes; the ability to improve or maintain margins; expected demand or demand trends for the Company or its markets; additions to product lines and opportunities to participate in new markets; expected benefits from transformation and innovation efforts; the ability to improve performance and competitive position at the Company’s operations; anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and asset sales; anticipated improvements and efficiencies in costs, operations, sales, inventory management, sourcing and the supply chain and the results thereof; projected profitability potential; the ability to make acquisitions and the projected timing, results, benefits, costs, charges and expenditures related to acquisitions, joint ventures, headcount reductions and facility dispositions, shutdowns and consolidations; projected capacity and the alignment of operations with demand; the ability to operate profitably and generate cash in down markets; the ability to capture and maintain market share and to develop or take advantage of future opportunities, customer initiatives, new businesses, new products and new markets; expectations for Company and customer inventories, jobs and orders; expectations for the economy and markets or improvements therein; expectations for generating improving and sustainable earnings, earnings potential, margins or shareholder value; effects of judicial rulings; and other non-historical matters constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the PSLRA. Forward-looking statements may be characterized by terms such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “likely,” “estimate,” “project,” “positioned,” “strategy,” “targets,” “aims,” “seek,” “foresee” and similar expressions. Because they are based on beliefs, estimates and assumptions, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Any number of factors could affect actual results, including, without limitation, those that follow: obtaining final approval of the Separation by the Worthington Industries, Inc. Board of Directors; the uncertainty of obtaining regulatory approvals in connection with the Separation, including rulings from the Internal Revenue Service; the ability to satisfy the necessary closing conditions to complete the Separation on a timely basis, or at all; the Company’s ability to successfully separate the two independent companies and realize the anticipated benefits of the Separation; the risks, uncertainties and impacts related to the COVID-19 pandemic – the duration, extent and severity of which are impossible to predict, including the possibility of future resurgence in the spread of COVID-19 or variants thereof – and the availability, effectiveness and acceptance of vaccines, and other actual or potential public health emergencies and actions taken by governmental authorities or others in connection therewith; the effect of national, regional and global economic conditions generally and within major product markets, including significant economic disruptions from COVID-19, the actions taken in connection therewith and the implementation of related fiscal stimulus packages; the effect of conditions in national and worldwide financial markets, including inflation, increases in interest rates and economic recession, and with respect to the ability of financial institutions to provide capital; the impact of tariffs, the adoption of trade restrictions affecting the Company’s products or suppliers, a United States withdrawal from or significant renegotiation of trade agreements, the occurrence of trade wars, the closing of border crossings, and other changes in trade regulations or relationships; changing oil prices and/or supply; product demand and pricing; changes in product mix, product substitution and market acceptance of the Company’s products; volatility or fluctuations in the pricing, quality or availability of raw materials (particularly steel), supplies, transportation, utilities, labor and other items required by operations (especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine); effects of sourcing and supply chain constraints; the outcome of adverse claims experience with respect to workers’ compensation, product recalls or product liability, casualty events or other matters; effects of facility closures and the consolidation of operations; the effect of financial difficulties, consolidation and other changes within the steel, automotive, construction and other industries in which the Company participates; failure to maintain appropriate levels of inventories; financial difficulties (including bankruptcy filings) of original equipment manufacturers, end-users and customers, suppliers, joint venture partners and others with whom the Company does business; the ability to realize targeted expense reductions from headcount reductions, facility closures and other cost reduction efforts; the ability to realize cost savings and operational, sales and sourcing improvements and efficiencies, and other expected benefits from transformation initiatives, on a timely basis; the overall success of, and the ability to integrate, newly-acquired businesses and joint ventures, maintain and develop their customers, and achieve synergies and other expected benefits and cost savings therefrom; capacity levels and efficiencies, within facilities, within major product markets and within the industries in which the Company participates as a whole; the effect of disruption in the business of suppliers, customers, facilities and shipping operations due to adverse weather, casualty events, equipment breakdowns, labor shortages (especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic), interruption in utility services, civil unrest, international conflicts (especially in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine), terrorist activities or other causes; changes in customer demand, inventories, spending patterns, product choices, and supplier choices; risks associated with doing business internationally, including economic, political and social instability (especially in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine), foreign currency exchange rate exposure and the acceptance of the Company’s products in global markets; the ability to improve and maintain processes and business practices to keep pace with the economic, competitive and technological environment; the effect of inflation, interest rate increases and economic recession, as well as potential adverse impacts as a result of the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, which may negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; deviation of actual results from estimates and/or assumptions used by the Company in the application of its significant accounting policies; the level of imports and import prices in the Company’s markets; the impact of environmental laws and regulations or the actions of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or similar regulators which increase costs or limit the Company’s ability to use or sell certain products; the impact of increasing environmental, greenhouse gas emission and sustainability considerations or regulations; the impact of judicial rulings and governmental regulations, both in the United States and abroad, including those adopted by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and other governmental agencies as contemplated by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, the American Rescue Act of 2021, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and the Consumer Protection Act of 2010; the effect of healthcare laws in the United States and potential changes for such laws, especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may increase the Company’s healthcare and other costs and negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; the effects of tax laws in the United States and potential changes for such laws, which may increase the Company’s costs and negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; cyber security risks; the effects of privacy and information security laws and standards; and other risks described from time to time in the filings of Worthington Industries, Inc. with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, including those described in “Part I – Item 1A. – Risk Factors” of the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Worthington Industries, Inc. for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2022.